Your autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells. Instead of invading germs and viruses, the abnormal immune system damages healthy tissues causing your disease. Commonly, autoimmune diseases can affect everyone from the nerves to joints. But with more than 80 types of autoimmune illnesses, it’s hard to identify all possible impacts on your body, especially the impacts on your vision. Thus, you need to notice the risk of autoimmune disorders to your vision, such as dryness or light sensitivity. Keep reading to know autoimmune diseases are linked to your vision health.
Why Do Autoimmune Diseases Often Affect Your Vision Health?
One noticeable thing about autoimmune diseases is inflammation. It results in pain, swelling, and other problems. The inflammation can show up anywhere in your body. It’s sometimes far away from the disease’s major target of, such as your skin your joints. Also, inflammation damages your tear glands that make them not create enough fluid. As a result, your eyes become drier and sensitive to lights.
Besides, your body is a unified block, like proteins and sugar that are involved. When one part of your body is affected, your eyes can be affected, too. That’s why patients with autoimmune diseases can suffer from inflammation from the brain to the joint, especially the eyes. If you have an autoimmune disorder, you should learn more about its symptoms as well as take care of your body. Consult with your doctor when you have any symptom from your vision.
What Are Autoimmune Diseases Linked to Your Vision Health?
Most autoimmune diseases have negative impacts on your health, including your vision health. Take a look at autoimmune disorders affect the eye.
Inflammation to the eyes is one of the common effects of lupus. This disease usually causes swelling, fatigue, and emotional health. Not only that, it also induces other problems for the eyes. There is a fact that, many people with lupus disease suffer from blurred vision, dry eyes, sore eyes, and sensitive to lights or the sun.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
There is a strong connection between MS and lupus that eye doctors may be the first ones to think about an autoimmune disease. The disease often targets the brain and nervous system. An early symptom of MS often includes optic nerve which restricts your vision by blurring it or completely limiting.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
RA often attacks the lining of your joints, such as joints in fingers or toes. In addition, it’s one of the autoimmune diseases linked to your vision health. The disease can cause in dryness, thinning of the cornea, and inflammation of the white of the eyes. As a result, you suffer from red and painful eyes, sensitive to lights. If left untreated, it may destroy your eye tissues.
Another autoimmune disease linked to your vision health is psoriasis. Not only does it cause patches of dry, red skin covered in scales, but it also affects your skin over the body. The disease affects your eyelids. It leads to red and scaly areas that induce pain when you open or close your eyes.
It’s normal if the thyroid is one of the autoimmune diseases linked to your vision health. Low and high thyroid function increases your risk of glaucoma. With low-thyroid disease, your eyes could not be able to circulate its fluid. As a result, it causes pressure to make from the inside.
Your vision health can be affected when you have this autoimmune disease. Sjogren’s syndrome primarily causes dry eyes and dry mouth. Your eyes may burn, itch or feel gritty because it attacks the tear-producing glands.
Type 1 Diabetes
While type 1 diabetes is common in the US, it’s also one of the leading causes of blindness in this country. Why is that? Because chronic poor blood sugar management causes damages to the small blood vessels behind your eyes.
Though the autoimmune is rare, it’s more likely to cause blindness in some developing counties. Besides affecting your vision health, this disease is linked to mouth and genital sores.
Learn More: 10 Signs You Have an Autoimmune Disease
What You Can Do If Autoimmune Diseases Are Linked to Your Vision Health
If your vision health is affected by autoimmune diseases, some medications for the diseases can help to deal with the problems. Depending on your conditions, your doctor will check and prescribe several medications, like:
But one of the important things to protect your eyesight is to see your ophthalmologist regularly. It’s advised that adult people should get eye check at age 40 if they haven’t met an eye doctor before. In case you have an autoimmune disease, you should:
- Not wait until age 40 to have a health vision screening. See your eye doctor now if you’ve not been in the past year.
- Be sure that you ask your ophthalmologist about how often you need to be tested
- Get screened more often if you have any symptom of vision health problems
- Also get frequent eye exams if you’re taking autoimmune disease medications, such as Plaquneil. This medicine is known to affect your eyesight.
- Eat vitamin A rich foods
Autoimmune diseases do not only cause inflammation in the brain and joints, but they are also linked to your vision health. If you have an autoimmune disease, you should change your lifestyles to reduce its effects on your eyes. Regular screenings also help to protect your eyesight. Besides, it’s important to learn how to manage your autoimmune disease. A healthy lifestyle, smart diets, and dietary supplements will be helpful. LupuFree is a lupus supplement that reduces inflammations and balances your immune system.